## Therapy for Mathematical Learning Difficulties

We assist children and adults to overcome dyscalculia, or mathematical learning difficulties. Our evidence based therapies incorporate an explicit focus on foundational skills, strategies for solving word problems and the use of manipulatives to build an understanding of math skills and maths games.

## What is dyscalculia?

Dyscalculia is a specific learning disability in which people have difficulty with maths based concepts and making sense of numbers. It is a brain-based condition.

Dyscalculia may impact an individual’s ability to learn times tables, understand addition, subtraction, multiplication and division, compare numbers or develop number sense, mathematical fluency or mathematical vocabulary.

## What types of difficulties do people with dyscalculia experience?

### Learners with dyscalculia may have difficulties in:

- Poor understanding of the four operations (+ – x ∻) and related signs
- Difficulty in understanding place value.
- Poor number sense.
- Difficulty understanding maths problems and how to sequence these.
- Difficulty counting backwards.
- Slow processing of numbers and maths fluency.
- Difficulty remembering ‘basic’ facts.
- Difficulty learning times tables
- Difficulty understanding how to use times tables in word problems.
- Slow to perform calculations.
- Weak mental arithmetic skills.
- A poor sense of numbers & estimation.
- High levels of mathematics anxiety.

## What is the impact of dyscalculia, or mathematical learning difficulties?

Dyscalculia is a life-long condition. It is different for each person, depending on the severity and the effectiveness of instruction or remediation. In its more severe forms, dyscalculia will qualify a student for special education, special accommodations, or extra support services.

With proper help, many people with dyscalculia can learn to calculate and build an understanding of numbers from an abstract form to making meaning. Individuals can then use this understanding to apply mathematical concepts to everyday life settings.

## How LAB Learning can help with mathematical learning difficulties

- Use manipulatives to build an understanding of math skills.
- Use concrete examples that connect math to real life.
- Check in frequently to make sure the student understands the work.
- Application of the acronyms such BUCKS strategy, problem schema and other strategies for solving word problems.
- Targeted maths games and other activities to build fluency and automaticity.
- Breaking down complex instructions into small chunks to help with verbal comprehension.
- Visual aids may assist.
- Ensure the student understands the mathematical question and the associated vocabulary before beginning more complex tasks.

## Fact sheet links:

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